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Saturday, May 25, 2019

Nature of orbits of satellites for different speeds

Let

'V' be velocity with which a body is projected from Earth.
Vs be minimum velocity of object to orbit around earth
Ve be escape velocity from surface of earth

then if,

i)  V < Vs ---  body falls to ground
ii) V = Vs --- body rotates round earth in circular orbit closer to surface of Earth
iii) Vs < V < Ve --- body revolves in elliptical orbit
iv)  V = Ve ----------body just  escapes from gravitational field
v)  V > Ve  --------- body moves in interstellar space with velocity equal to √V² -Ve²
vi)  V<Ve  ---------- Total energy of body is negative
vii)  V =Ve ---------- Total energy of body is zero

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