Heat Transfer due to convection

In this type of heat transfer, molecules of fluids move up bodily due to heating. Such heat transfer occurs when a fluid such as air or water comes in contact with an object whose temperature is higher than that of fluid. As temperature of fluid in contact with hot body increases, the fluid expands and thus becomes less denser and due to buoyant forces it rises & the position is occupied by cooler surrounding fluid and the process continues.

"Convection" is part of many natural process. Atmospheric convection plays an important role in determining global climate patterns & daily weather changes.

The rate of heat transfer by convection depends on the temperature difference between the surfaces and also on their areas. 

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